The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1944
Born: 8 March 1879, Frankfurt-on-the-Main, Germany
Died: 28 July 1968, Goettingen, West Germany (now Germany)
Affiliation at the time of the award: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck Institut) für Chemie, Berlin-Dahlem, Germany
Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei"
Field: nuclear chemistry
Otto Hahn received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1945.