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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1950
Otto Diels, Kurt Alder

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Kurt Alder - Facts

Kurt Alder

Kurt Alder

Born: 10 July 1902, Königshütte (now Chorzów), Prussia (now Poland)

Died: 20 June 1958, Cologne, West Germany (now Germany)

Affiliation at the time of the award: Cologne University, Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany

Prize motivation: "for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis"

Field: organic chemistry

Prize share: 1/2

Work

The element carbon is the component in a large and varied family of chemical compounds - organic compounds. Diens are compounds of carbon and hydrogen that contain two double bonds, i.e., where two carbon atoms share two pairs of paired electrons. In 1928 Kurt Alder and Otto Diels discovered a reaction in which one dien was changed into a ring-shaped molecule with six carbon atoms. The reaction became very significant within the chemical industry. For example, it served as a link in the production of plastic and synthetic rubber.

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