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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1952
Archer J.P. Martin, Richard L.M. Synge

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Archer J.P. Martin - Facts

Archer John Porter Martin

Archer John Porter Martin

Born: 1 March 1910, London, United Kingdom

Died: 28 July 2002, Llangarron, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for their invention of partition chromatography"

Field: analytical chemistry

Prize share: 1/2

Work

When a drop of a liquid containing a mixture of various substances is placed on paper, the liquid begins to spread out on the paper. The various substances in the mixture spread at different speeds, however, which gives rise to marks on the paper with different colors. In the 1940s Archer Martin and Richard Synge used this and similar phenomena in gas mixtures, for example, to develop different types of chromatography - methods for separating substances in mixtures and for determining the composition of mixtures.

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