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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967
Manfred Eigen, Ronald G.W. Norrish, George Porter

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Manfred Eigen - Facts

Manfred Eigen

Manfred Eigen

Born: 9 May 1927, Bochum, Germany

Affiliation at the time of the award: Max-Planck-Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany

Prize motivation: "for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equilibrium by means of very short pulses of energy"

Field: chemical kinetics, physical chemistry

Prize share: 1/2

Work

During chemical reactions, atoms and molecules regroup and form new constellations. Chemical reactions are affected by heat and light, among other things. The sequence of events can proceed very quickly. In 1953 Manfred Eigen introduced high-frequency sound waves as a way of bringing about rapid chemical reactions and processes, such as the dissolving of a salt in a solvent. The speed of the reaction could be calculated based the sound waves' energy. He also studied how electrical voltage affects chemical processes.

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