The Nobel Prize in Literature 1938
(pen-name of Pearl Walsh, née Sydenstricker)
Born: 26 June 1892, Hillsboro, WV, USA
Died: 6 March 1973, Danby, VT, USA
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"
Prize share: 1/1
Pearl Buck grew up in China, where her parents were missionaries. She began to write in the 1920s. Many of her books deal with China and Chinese life, for example the novel 'The Good Earth' (1931) that depicts Chinese peasant life: sorrows and hardship as well as joys and rewards. It became a best seller and one of the great modern classics. From 1935 she lived in the United States and started a humanitarian organization. Pearl Buck wrote more than 70 books, dealing with the confrontation of East and West.