Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell
Born: 18 May 1872, Trelleck, United Kingdom
Died: 2 February 1970, Penrhyndeudraeth, United Kingdom
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"
Field: philosophy/essay writing
Prize share: 1/1