The Nobel Prize in Literature 1958
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
Born: 10 February 1890, Moscow, Russia
Died: 30 May 1960, Peredelkino, Russia
Residence at the time of the award: USSR
Prize motivation: "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"
Boris Pasternak first accepted the award, but was later caused by the authorities of his country to decline the prize.