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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1929
Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Hopkins

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Sir Frederick Hopkins - Facts

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Born: 20 June 1861, Eastbourne, United Kingdom

Died: 16 May 1947, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins"

Field: metabolism, nutrition

Prize share: 1/2

Work on Electron Diffraction

People and animals need basic nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats to live and function properly. However, when Frederick Hopkins began looking into the issue, there were several indications that we also need other substances. When he fed young rats only pure nutrients, their growth stopped, but all it took was a small amount of milk for them to start growing again. The conclusion reported around 1910 was that these unknown substances are necessary in small amounts for life processes. The substances came to be known as vitamins.

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