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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1965
François Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod

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François Jacob - Facts

François Jacob

François Jacob

Born: 17 June 1920, Nancy, France

Died: 19 April 2013, Paris, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis"

Field: genetics, molecular biology

Prize share: 1/3

Work

The biochemical processes that take place within an organism's cells are controlled by the genes found inside DNA molecules. François Jacob and Jacques Monod proved how the genetic information is converted during the formation of proteins by means of a messenger, which proved to the substance we now know as RNA. Different cells work in different ways at different times, however. This too is regulated by genes. In the early 1960s François Jacob and Jacques Monod mapped the intricate processes that determine how genes are expressed or suppressed in a self-regulating process.

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