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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1975
David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard M. Temin

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Renato Dulbecco - Facts

Renato Dulbecco

Renato Dulbecco

Born: 22 February 1914, Catanzaro, Italy

Died: 19 February 2012, La Jolla, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratory, London, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"

Field: genetics, medical oncology, virology

Prize share: 1/3

Work

In 1910, Peyton Rous demonstrated that certain viruses can cause cancer, although it would be some time before the processes behind this were understood. Renato Dulbecco and his colleagues proved during the 1950s that genetic material from the virus is incorporated into the host organism's genes. The genes of the infected cells, which were partly constructed by the virus, could cause abnormal growth within the organism. Renato Dulbecco's studies concentrated on tumor viruses with DNA as the genetic material, but ultimately also proved to be fundamental to the discovery related to viruses with RNA as the genetic material.

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