Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1981
Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel

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David H. Hubel - Facts

David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel

Born: 27 February 1926, Windsor, ON, Canada

Died: 22 September 2013, Lincoln, MA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"

Field: neurophysiology, ocular physiology

Prize share: 1/4


Our vision works by the light around us being captured by a large number of light-sensitive cells located in the retinas at the back of our eyes. The light is converted into signals that are sent to the brain and there converted into visual impressions. David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel clarified how this process works during the 1960s: In the cerebral cortex signals are analyzed in sequence by cells with the specific tasks of interpreting contrasts, patterns, and movements. They also showed that this ability develops in children during the initial period after birth.

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