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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984
Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler, César Milstein

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Niels K. Jerne - Facts

Niels K. Jerne

Niels K. Jerne

Born: 23 December 1911, London, United Kingdom

Died: 7 October 1994, Castillon-du-Gard, France

Affiliation at the time of the award: Basel Institute for Immunology, Basel, Switzerland

Prize motivation: "for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies"

Field: immunity

Prize share: 1/3

Work

The immune system includes cells, lymphocytes and antibodies that neutralize substances foreign to the body, or antigens. In 1955 Niels Jerne asserted that all kinds of antibodies already have developed during the fetus stage and that the immune system functions through selection. In 1971 he asserted that lymphocytes teach themselves to recognize the body's own substances in the thymus gland. His 1974 network theory is based on the idea that antibodies not only attach themselves to an antigen, but also can become attached to other antibodies. An immunological reaction arises when an antigen disturbs the system's equilibrium.

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