The Nobel Peace Prize 1902
Élie Ducommun, Albert Gobat
Charles Albert Gobat
Born: 21 May 1843, Tramelan, Switzerland
Died: 16 March 1914, Bern, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: Switzerland
Role: Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau, Bern, Switzerland, Secretary General, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Field: peace movement
Prize share: 1/2
Albert Gobat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize first and foremost for his efforts to bring popularly elected representatives from various countries together at meetings and congresses. His work as a national politician led him into international work for peace. Gobat participated in the Inter-Parliamentary Union from its beginnings in 1889. When the Inter-Parliamentary Bureau was established in Berne three years later, Gobat was chosen to be its Secretary-General. Unsalaried, he planned the conferences which the Union held each year, drew up the agendas, and drafted proposals for resolutions. He tried to set up inter-parliamentary groups in countries which had none, edited a periodical, and distributed literature about peace and arbitration.
Gobat took over as Secretary-General of the International Peace Bureau when Élie Ducommun died in 1906. This meant that he was at the same time heading the offices of both the inter-parliamentary and the popular peace movement. Gobat lived to see the International Peace Bureau honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for 1910.