Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Peace Prize 1913
Henri La Fontaine

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Henri La Fontaine - Facts

Henri La Fontaine

Henri La Fontaine

Born: 22 April 1854, Brussels, Belgium

Died: 14 May 1943, Brussels, Belgium

Residence at the time of the award: Belgium

Role: President, Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne, Switzerland, Member, Belgian Parliament (Sénateur)

Field: peace movement

Prize share: 1/1

Socialist, Lawyer, Parliamentarian

Henri La Fontaine was the first socialist to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He held a doctorate in law, and in the Belgian parliament took a special interest in social policy and foreign affairs. But La Fontaine's greatest work was as an activist in the international peace movement. He was a strong champion of internationalism. He set up an institute which collected documentation from all over the world on international matters. In 1910 he also organized a world conference for international organizations. Its purpose was to create "an intellectual parliament" for humanity.

La Fontaine held high positions of trust in the peace movement. He was president of the International Peace Bureau from 1907 until his death. When he was awarded the Peace Prize in 1913, he was the effective leader of the peace movement in Europe.

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