The Nobel Peace Prize 1938
Nansen International Office for Refugees
Office international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)
Founded: 1921 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Role: An international aid organization established by Fridtjof Nansen
Field: humanitarian work
Prize share: 1/1
The Nansen Office was set up in 1930 in accordance with a League of Nations resolution to keep up the relief work that had been launched by Fridtjof Nansen, the first high commissioner for refugees. Early in the 1930s, the Office was busy in helping Armenians who had been driven out of Turkey, and it was an important driving force behind the drawing up of the League of Nations Refugee Convention.
Later in the 1930s, the organization cared mainly for refugees located in Central and South-eastern Europe, France, Syria and China. The Office ran refugee camps, issued passports to the stateless (Nansen passports), and helped to provide visas, jobs, medicine and food.
The Nansen Office was closed in 1938, but its activities have been carried on by a new Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees which has its seat in London.