Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Peace Prize 1957
Lester Bowles Pearson

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Lester Bowles Pearson - Facts

Lester Bowles Pearson

Lester Bowles Pearson

Born: 23 April 1897, Toronto, Canada

Died: 27 December 1972, Ottawa, Canada

Residence at the time of the award: Canada

Role: former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada

Field: negotiation, world organizing

Prize share: 1/1

Father of the United Nations Forces

In 1956, Great Britain, France and Israel launched an attack on Egypt aimed at removing President Nasser. The United States had not been informed, and the Soviet Union threatened to use atomic weapons against the assailants. The "Suez Crisis" found its solution when the President of the United Nations General Assembly, the Canadian Lester Pearson, won support for sending a United Nations Emergency Force to the region to separate the warring parties. This gained him the Peace Prize for 1957.

Pearson was a historian. In the inter-war years he was employed in Canada's Department of External Affairs. He was sent to Europe, and witnessed both the breakdown of the League of Nations and the outbreak of World War II. During the war he was stationed in Washington, where he worked on preparations for the founding of the United Nations. Many wanted him to be the first Secretary-General, but the Soviet Union was opposed. Instead, Pearson headed the UN committee that recommended the division of Palestine into a Jewish part and an Arab part.

In 1948, Lester Pearson became Canada's Secretary of State for External Affairs, and he ended his career as Prime Minister in the 1960s.

Copyright © The Norwegian Nobel Institute
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