Albert Abraham Michelson
Born: 19 December 1852, Strelno (now Strzelno), Prussia (now Poland)
Died: 9 May 1931, Pasadena, CA, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Prize motivation: "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"
Field: electromagnetism, optical physics
Prize share: 1/1