Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Born: 21 September 1853, Groningen, the Netherlands
Died: 21 February 1926, Leiden, the Netherlands
Affiliation at the time of the award: Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands
Prize motivation: "for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium"
Prize share: 1/1