The Nobel Prize in Physics 1919
Born: 15 April 1874, Schickenhof, Germany
Died: 21 June 1957, Traunstein, West Germany (now Germany)
Affiliation at the time of the award: Greifswald University, Greifswald, Germany
Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields"
Field: atomic physics