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Nobel Prizes and Laureates


Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1933
Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac

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Paul A.M. Dirac - Facts

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

Born: 8 August 1902, Bristol, United Kingdom

Died: 20 October 1984, Tallahassee, FL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Field: quantum mechanics

Prize share: 1/2

Formulated a Fully Relativistic Quantum Theory

During the intense period 1925-26, quantum theories were proposed that accurately described the energy levels of atoms. However these equations should be adapted to Einstein's theory of relativity. In 1928 Paul Dirac managed to formulate a fully relativistic quantum theory. The equation gave solutions that he interpreted as being due to the existence of a particle corresponding to the electron, but of positive charge. This particle, the positron, was later found experimentally.

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