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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1933
Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac

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Paul A.M. Dirac - Facts

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

Born: 8 August 1902, Bristol, United Kingdom

Died: 20 October 1984, Tallahassee, FL, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Field: quantum mechanics

Prize share: 1/2

Formulated a Fully Relativistic Quantum Theory

During the intense period of 1925-26 quantum theories were proposed that accurately described the energy levels of electrons in atoms. These equations needed to be adapted to Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, however. In 1928 Paul Dirac formulated a fully relativistic quantum theory. The equation gave solutions that he interpreted as being caused by a particle equivalent to the electron, but with a positive charge. This particle, the positron, was later confirmed through experiments.

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