Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1933
Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac

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Erwin Schrödinger - Facts

Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger

Born: 12 August 1887, Vienna, Austria

Died: 4 January 1961, Vienna, Austria

Affiliation at the time of the award: Berlin University, Berlin, Germany

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Field: quantum mechanics

Prize share: 1/2

Established a New System of Mechanics

In Niels Bohr's theory of the atom, the electrons absorb and emit radiation of fixed wavelengths when jumping between the fixed orbits around a nucleus. The theory gave a good description of the spectrum from the hydrogen atom, but must be further developed for more complicated atoms and molecules. Assuming that matter, e.g. electrons, could be regarded both as particles and as waves, Erwin Schrödinger formulated in 1926 a wave-equation that accurately gave the energy levels of atoms.

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