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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1933
Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac

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Erwin Schrödinger - Facts

Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger

Born: 12 August 1887, Vienna, Austria

Died: 4 January 1961, Vienna, Austria

Affiliation at the time of the award: Berlin University, Berlin, Germany

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Field: quantum mechanics

Prize share: 1/2

Work

In Niels Bohr's theory of the atom, electrons absorb and emit radiation of fixed wavelengths when jumping between fixed orbits around a nucleus. The theory provided a good description of the spectrum created by the hydrogen atom, but needed to be developed to suit more complicated atoms and molecules. Assuming that matter (e.g., electrons) could be regarded as both particles and waves, in 1926 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a wave equation that accurately calculated the energy levels of electrons in atoms.

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