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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1958
Pavel A. Cherenkov, Il´ja M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm

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Il´ja M. Frank - Facts

Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank

Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank

Born: 23 October 1908, Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), Russia

Died: 22 June 1990, Moscow, USSR (now Russia)

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Moscow, Moscow, USSR, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, USSR

Prize motivation: "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"

Field: electromagnetism

Prize share: 1/3

Work

In certain media the speed of light is lower than in a vacuum and particles can travel faster than light. One result of this was discovered in 1934 by Pavel Cherenkov, when he saw a bluish light around a radioactive preparation placed in water. Ilya Frank and Igor Tamm explained the phenomenon in 1937. On their way through a medium, charged particles disturb electrons in the medium. When these resume their position, they emit light. Normally this does not produce any light that can be observed, but if the particle moves faster than light, a kind of backwash of light appears

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