Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov
Born: 14 December 1922, Usman, USSR (now Russia)
Died: 1 July 2001, Moscow, Russia
Affiliation at the time of the award: P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, USSR
Prize motivation: "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Field: optical physics, quantum electrodynamics
Prize share: 1/4