Charles Hard Townes
Born: 28 July 1915, Greenville, SC, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA
Prize motivation: "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Field: optical physics, quantum electrodynamics
Prize share: 1/2