Nobelprize.org
Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015
Takaaki Kajita, Arthur B. McDonald

Share this:

Arthur B. McDonald - Facts

Arthur B. McDonald

Arthur B. McDonald

Born: 29 August 1943, Sydney, Canada

Affiliation at the time of the award: Queen's University, Kingston, Canada

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass"

Prize share: 1/2

Life

Arthur McDonald was born in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. Han studied at Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia and then at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United States, where he earned his doctorate in 1969. His doctoral advisor was future Nobel Laureate William Fowler. He worked at the Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories near Ottawa until 1982 when he became a professor at Princeton University. Since 1989 he is affiliated with Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario. Arthur McDonald is married with four children.

Work

The Standard Model used by modern physics has three types of a very small and elusive particle called the neutrino. In an experimental facility in a mine in Canada in 2000, Arthur McDonald studied neutrinos created in nuclear reactions in the sun. Measurements showed deviations, which were explained by the neutrinos switching between the different types. This means that they must have mass. The Standard Model, however, is based on neutrinos lacking mass and the model must be revised.

Share this:
To cite this page
MLA style: "Arthur B. McDonald - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 27 Sep 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2015/mcdonald-facts.html>

Recommended: