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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates
Letter

Nomination and Selection of Medicine Laureates

Nomination to the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is by invitation only. The names of the nominees and other information about the nominations and selection process cannot be revealed until 50 years later.

Nominations for the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

263 scientists have been nominated for the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Among them, 46 individuals were nominated for the first time. The deadline for nominations for the 2014 Nobel Prize was 31 January.

The Nobel Committee will evaluate the nominations during spring and summer. The final decision will be made by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet in October.

Process of Nomination and Selection

The Nobel Committee sends confidential invitation letters to persons who are competent and qualified to nominate candidates for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Qualified Nominators

The right to submit proposals for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is laid down in the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation. Those entitled to nominate are:

1. Members of the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm;
2. Swedish and foreign members of the the Medicine and Biology classes of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences;
3. Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine and Chemistry;
4. Members of the Nobel Committee not qualified under paragraph 1 above;
5. Holders of established posts as full professors at the faculties of medicine in Sweden and holders of similar posts at the faculties of medicine or similar institutions in Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway;
6. Holders of similar posts at no fewer than six other faculties of medicine at universities around the world, selected by the Nobel Assembly, with a view to ensuring the appropriate distribution of the task among various countries.
7. Scientists whom the Nobel Assembly may otherwise see fit to approach.
8. No self-nominations are considered.

Selection of Nobel Laureates

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet is responsible for the selection of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine from among the candidates recommended by the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine. The Nobel Assembly has 50 members. The Nobel Committee is the working body that reviews the nominations and selects the candidates. It consists of five members and the Secretary of the Nobel Committee and Nobel Assembly.

Who is eligible for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

Candidates eligible for the Medicine Prize are those nominated by nominators who have received an invitation from the Nobel Committee to submit names for consideration. No one can nominate herself or himself.

How Are the Nobel Laureates Selected?

The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine is awarded for discovery of major importance in life science or medicine. Discoveries that have changed the scientific paradigm and are of great benefit for mankind are awarded the prize, whereas life time achievements or scientific leadership cannot be considered for the Nobel Prize.

Below is a brief description of the selecting process of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine Prize.

SeptemberInvitation to nominate sent out. Over 3000 personal confidential invitations sent out to qualified nominators.

February Deadline for submission. The completed forms must reach the Nobel Committee no later than 31 January of the following year.

March-May Evaluation reports. The Nobel Committee invites international reputable experts to prepare evaluation reports.

June-August Evaluation work in progress. Reports submitted by middle of August.

September The Nobel Committee submits recommendations. The Nobel Committee submits recommendations on presumable candidates for discussion in the Nobel Assembly.

OctoberThe Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is announced. The Nobel Assembly chooses the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine through a majority vote on the first Monday in October. The decision is final and without appeal. The Nobel Laureates are informed immediately afterwards and the decision is then announced at the press conference.

December The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony takes place on the 10th of December in Stockholm, where the Nobel Laureates receive the Nobel Medal, Diploma and the prize sum.

Are the nominations made public?

The statutes of the Nobel Foundation restrict disclosure of information about the nominations and selecting process for 50 years.

Nomination Database for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1901-1951

Contact the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet

 

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MLA style: "Nomination and Selection of Medicine Laureates". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 21 Oct 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/medicine/index.html>

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