Women who changed science, created by Nobel Media in partnership with Microsoft, celebrates and explores the contributions, careers and lives of the 19 women who have been awarded Nobel Prizes for their scientific achievements.

The remarkable scientists represented in this experience include biochemists, X-ray crystallographers, pharmacologists, neuro-embryologists and nuclear physicists. They include Nobel Laureates from the early 1900s. They are the children of teachers, grocers, scientists and artists. Some rarely left their labs; some travelled the world to collaborate with other scientists or to advocate for a cause. Each is as unique as her contribution to scientific knowledge, but all possess common traits: creativity, vision, passion and – perhaps most importantly – persistence.

This web experience uses Microsoft Artificial Intelligence technology to bring visitors inside these women’s stories. By analysing and linking hundreds of photographs, videos, research papers, diagrams, quotations and audio recordings, AI enables visitors to appreciate both the laureates’ commonalities and the vast diversity of their experiences. It allows the user to read the laureates’ stories as well as to explore the entire collection of media by filtering and navigating across an interconnected web of knowledge that brings the groundbreaking scientific work of the 19 female laureates to life.

Women who changed science brings to life the unique contributions of each laureate while exploring the interconnecting lineage of women in the sciences. It aims to transform not only how we experience the odds-defying stories of grit and perseverance behind the Nobel Prize-awarded discoveries of these 19 laureates but also embolden the next generation of young women to change our world.

As Nobel Laureate Rosalyn Yalow has said: “The world cannot afford the loss of the talents of half of its people if we are to solve the many problems which beset us.”

Video Credits

Barbara McClintock Video

  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
  • Courtesy of the Barbara McClintock Papers, American Philosophical Society
  • Courtesy of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
  • Courtesy of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Photo: Jan Eve Olsson
  • Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of American History.
  • Courtesy of the Barbara McClintock Papers, American Philosophical Society
  • National Institutes of Health. Courtesy of the Barbara McClintock Papers, American Philosophical Society. Photographer unknown
  • Pond5

Gertrude Elion Video

  • Courtesy of GSK. Reproduced with permission.
  • Courtesy of Gertrude B. Elion Foundation
  • Courtesy of GSK. Reproduced with permission.
  • Photo: Wellcome Images, Wellcome Library, London. CC BY 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Photo: Steve Gschmeissner / Science Source Images
  • Courtesy of J. of Biological Chemistry
  • Pond5

Maria Goeppert Mayer Video

  • Courtesy Atomic Heritage
  • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • © The Nobel Foundation
  • Courtesy of the Sarah Lawrence College Archives
  • Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
  • United States Army. Jones, Manhattan: The Army and the Bomb
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
  • Courtesy of American Physical Society
  • Emilio Segrè Visual Archives / American Institute of Physics
  • Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive

Marie Curie Video

  • Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Estampes et photographie
  • Critical Past
  • Historic Films
  • © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
  • Courtesy Nobel Media
  • © Association Curie Joliot-Curie
  • Science Museum Group by creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.
  • "Daily Herald Archive at National Science and Media Museum / Science Museum Group"
  • Pirate Industries/ SPL/Science Source
  • Wellcome Collection by creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.