2022 Nobel Prize laureates

All Nobel Prize laureates 2022.

Ill. Niklas Elmehed. © Nobel Prize Outreach

Nobel Prize awarded discoveries

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1902
Army surgeon Ronald Ross discovered the parasite causing malaria and the link between mosquitoes and malaria transmission. His Nobel Prize lecture is a fascinating story of examining and observing an endless number of mosquitoes in the hunt for the malaria parasite.
Ronald Ross

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Nobel Week 2022

6–12 December
Join us online in December to celebrate the Nobel Prize laureates!
Take part in the festivities as we celebrate the 2022 laureates and the discoveries and achievements that have brought the greatest benefit to humankind.

It will be a full week of celebrations with the 2022 award ceremonies, Nobel Prize lectures, and much more.
2021 Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony

2021 Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony in Oslo, Norway.

The Nobel Prize banquet is back, with Nobel Prize laureates and other guests being welcomed to the Blue Hall of Stockholm City Hall for the first time since 2019. This will be celebrated with a grand musical divertissement. Singer-songwriter and composer Rufus Wainwright will guide the audience through his musical universe together with opera singer Elin Rombo and the Swedish Chamber Orchestra, conducted by Hans Ek.
Rufus Wainwright

Rufus Wainwright

Photo: Miranda Penn Turin

Streams during Nobel Week

2022 Nobel Prize Concert

8 December
Bringing extra star power to this year’s Nobel Prize Concert on 8 December will be German soprano Diana Damrau. Austrian conductor Manfred Honeck will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra at the concert.
Diana Damrau

Diana Damrau.

Photo: Jiyang Chen

Nobel Week Dialogue 2022

9 December
Join us at this year’s Nobel Week Dialogue where we will be looking towards our future in the hope of making life better, for everyone. 
jellyfish3.jpg
3–11 December
Nobel Week Lights Stockholm is an annual light festival that takes place during the Nobel week in December. Directly inspired by Nobel Prize-awarded discoveries, artworks illuminate the Stockholm winter darkness and invite new insights into the research, lives and contributions of Nobel Prize laureates.
Nobel Week Lights (Space/Stockholm City Hall) (7)

Nobel Week Lights 2021. Space.

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Clément Morin. Space on Stockholm City Hall, produced by Lumination of Sweden, PXLFLD and Creative Technology in collaboration with the Swedish National Space Agency and the European Space Agency.

Podcast with Leymah Gbowee

Encore of Nobel Prize Conversations
Leymah Gbowee shares her heartbreaking life story of a happy childhood cruelly interrupted by the Liberian civil war. Her never-give-up attitude has been a constant in her life and work, and something she tries to instil in young people, encouraging them ”to believe that they can do whatever they put their mind to”.
Portrait of Leymah Gbowee

Nobel Peace Prize Forum 2022

11 December
Tis year’s forum will focus on how to find a way forward for Afghanistan. After the withdrawal of international troops last year and more than a year with the Taliban, the freedom and basic human rights of the Afghan people, especially women, continues to deteriorate. The forum will also address the crucial question of whether and how the West should engage with the Taliban.

Nobel Peace Prize Forum will be streamed live at nobelprize.org.
Boy cleaning waste water

Photo: Antoine Boureau, Millennium/NTB

Memories from the Nobel Week

Sir J. Fraser Stoddart, chemistry 2016

Fraser Stoddart: One of the great joys of Stockholm was spending time with my co-laureates”.

Fraser Stoddart
John Nash, economic sciences 1994
Listen to John Nash reminisce about his experience of a December week in Sweden.
John F. Nash Jr.
John B. Fenn, chemistry 2002
John B. Fenn on his Nobel Week experience: It was wonderful! I even enjoyed being sick there.
John B. Fenn
William Sharpe, economic sciences 1990
William Sharpe brought an extended family to the festivities in Stockholm.
William Sharpe

What do the laureates receive?

Each diploma is a unique work of art, created by leading Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers. Read more about the diplomas here.

Physics Laureate Donna Strickland's diploma.

Physics laureate Donna Strickland's diploma.

Photo reproduction: Lovisa Engblom

The front of the gold Nobel Prize medals depict Alfred Nobel. The image on the reverse varies according to the institution awarding the prize. Read more about the medals.

Youyou Tu showing her Nobel Medal

Medicine laureate Tu Youyou showing her Nobel Prize medal, 11 December 2015.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

The current amount is at SEK 10 million per full Nobel Prize. A Nobel Prize can be awarded to up to three laureates who share the prize sum. Find out more about the prize amounts throughout history.

Laureates on stage

Laureates on stage after the 2014 Nobel Prize award ceremony.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been presented to the laureates on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. Here you can browse the ceremonies archive.

Nobel Prize award ceremony

Nobel Prize award ceremony at Konserthuset Stockholm, 10 December 2019.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

According to the statutes of the Nobel Foundation, each laureate shall be presented with a gold medal. Watch a short video about how the Nobel Prize medals are created.

May-Britt and Edvard I. Moser examining their Nobel Medals during their visit to the Nobel Foundation, on 12 December 2014.

May-Britt and Edvard I. Moser examining their Nobel Prize medals.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Each Nobel Prize diploma and medal comes in its own cover and case. Take a deep dive into the world of bookbinding and find out more about the craftmanship behind these unique pieces.
Book binding

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Dan Lepp.

This year the laureates are unable to come to Stockholm, but previous years they have been swept up in a whirlwind of activities during Nobel Week.

Two Medicine Laureates at the table of honour: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura.

Two medicine laureates at the Nobel Banquet: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura.

© Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Nobel Prizes 2022

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022 was awarded to Svante Pääbo “for his discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution.”
Denisova, Neanderthal and H. sapiens

© The Nobel Committe for Physiology or Medicine. Ill. Mattias Karlén

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2022
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2022 was awarded to Annie Ernaux “for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory.”
Annie Ernaux

Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach

Explore prizes and laureates

Discover Nobel Prize lessons

Bring the 2022 Nobel Prizes into the classroom! The lessons are free and easy to use right away with ready-made slide shows, a speaker’s manuscripts and student assignments.

The 2022 prizes range from research on quantum mechanics and research on human evolution to documenting war crimes and the role of banks in financial crises.
2022 Nobel Prizes

Illustrations: Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, The Nobel Committe for Physiology or Medicine. Ill. Mattias Karlén and Niklas Elmehed. © Nobel Prize Outreach

Play a game!

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930
How much do you know about blood types? Did you know that human blood groups were discovered by Nobel Prize laureate Karl Landsteiner in 1901?

Learn more about the way to find out about the human blood groups, blood typing and the importance of safe blood transfusions. See if you can save the lives of the patients in the game!
Blood typing game
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904
Is it possible to train a dog to drool on command? Learn about conditioned reflexes in this interactive game!

With this animated game, teachers are able to illustrate classical conditioning in the classroom. The object of the game is to train Pavlov’s dog to respond to a signal that it will associate with being fed.

In 1904, Ivan Pavlov was awarded with Nobel Prize for his pioneering studies of how the digestive system works.
Pavlov's Dog Game

New game

Step into the shoes of a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and learn about the legacy of Alfred Nobel in this immersive learning experience from the Nobel Peace Center. All Minecraft players can now journey alongside Desmond Tutu, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Jody Williams and Carl von Ossietzky to bring their vision of a more democratic, peaceful world to life.
Minecraft peacebuilders

Try a puzzle

Alfred Nobel – Established the Nobel Prize

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris, France. The Swedish dynamite millionaire, who thought that his invention would end all wars, had now realised that it was a very deadly product. Wanting to make amends, he did what no man of such wealth had done before …

Alfred Nobel Will

On 10 December 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. Read more about the first prizes.

The first Nobel Prize Award Ceremony was held in 1901 at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm.

Nobel Prize Conversations

What goes into the making of a Nobel Prize laureate? How big a role does luck play in the making of a laureate? Can you find any common experiences and external influences between the laureates? In this special bonus episode of Nobel Prize Conversations, we explore the origin stories of these remarkable individuals.
Benjamin List receiving his Nobel Prize diploma (1)

© Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Bernhard Ludewig

What are you looking for? Search the website.

Nobel Prize Summit 2023

Nobel destinations

Stockholm, Sweden
The Nobel Prize Museum in Stockholm, Sweden, illustrates a century of creativity, where visitors can follow the changes of the 20th century through the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Prize laureates.
The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing the World (3)

The museum showcases the discoveries and creativity of the Nobel Prize laureates.

Photo: Åke Eson Lindman

Oslo, Norway
Located in the heart of Oslo, Norway, the Nobel Peace Center is a place where you can experience and learn about the various Nobel Peace Prize laureates.
NPC Nye Nobels Hage 10

The story of each peace laureate is told at the museum.

Photo: Johannes Granseth/Nobel Peace Center

In memoriam

Edward C. Prescott passed away on 6 November 2022, age 81. He was awarded the 2004 prize in economic sciences for his contributions to dynamic macroeconomics. The work influenced the monetary and fiscal policies of governments and laid the basis for the increased independence of many central banks.
Edward C. Prescott
Mikhail Gorbachev, former president of the Soviet Union, died on 30 August. He was awarded the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize for the leading role he played in the radical changes in East-West relations and for bringing the Cold War to a halt.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

David Trimble passed away on 25 July. He was awarded the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize together with John Hume for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.

David Trimble