Shirin Ebadi.

Celebrating Shirin Ebadi, 71 Years

Shirin Ebadi, the first female Peace Prize Laureate from the Islamic world, turns 71 on 21 June. She was awarded the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children".

"Undoubtedly, my selection will be an inspiration to the masses of women who are striving to realize their rights, not only in Iran but throughout the region - rights taken away from them through the passage of history."

Border-crossing Stories, Borderless Contributions to Humanity

Syrians crossing the border to Turkey. Photo: UNHCR/I. Pricket, via Wikimedia Commons.Syrians crossing the border to Turkey. Photo: UNHCR/I. Pricket, via Wikimedia Commons.

Forced to Flee from their Homes

Every year on 20 June, the United Nations highlights 'World Refugee Day' - to commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of refugees. The United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, works to protect the rights and well-being of refugees all over the world.

Read more about the UNHCR, twice awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
Georges Pire PEACE PRIZE 1958

Awarded for Helping Refugees

Belgian Dominican friar Georges Pire supported Belgian resistance during World War II. He helped refugees to leave their camps and return to a life of freedom and dignity and later founded an organization to help refugee families.

More about Georges Pire
Herta Müller PEACE PRIZE 1922

Fridtjof Nansen -
First High Commissioner for Refugees

Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen worked tirelessly on behalf of refugees and introduced the "Nansen passport" to help stateless refugees cross national borders.

Read more about Fridtjof Nansen and his work

Nobel Laureates' Stories

Walter Kohn CHEMISTRY PRIZE 1998

"I had traumatic experiences in my childhood"

Walter Kohn recalls how his entire family was totally uprooted, destabilised and maltreated during the Nazi takeover in Austria.

Watch Walter Kohn tell his story
Jack Steinberger PHYSICS PRIZE 1988

"We didn't know anyone who would take us as immigrants"

Jack Steinberger remembers how he and his brother were sent to the US as German refugee children.

See the video clip with Jack Steinberger

"After we left Breslau we were refugees"

Reinhard Selten and his family left Breslau on one of the last trains before all outbound railway traffic stopped.

Read Richard Selten's story
Martin Karplus CHEMISTRY PRIZE 2013

"My father was not allowed to come with us"

After fleeing from the Nazis, young Martin Karplus and his family arrived to an interim home for refugee families in Boston, US.

Read Martin Karplus biography
Eric Kandel MEDICINE PRIZE 2000

"The violence at the time of the annexation was not likely to fade away. We knew that we had to leave - and to leave as soon as possible"

Austrian Eric Kandel had to flee to the United States in 1939.

Read Eric Kandel's story

"In the spring of 1940, after tortuous months, we arrived in Stockholm"

Nelly Sachs was helped by Nobel Prize awarded Selma Lagerlöf to flee from Nazi Germany to Sweden in 1940.

Read Nelly Sachs' speech at the Nobel Banquet



The 2018 Nobel Prize Announcements

This year's Nobel Prize announcements will take place 1-8 October. The Swedish Academy has decided to postpone the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature, with the intention of awarding it in 2019.

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE - Monday 1 October, 11:30 a.m. at the earliest
PHYSICS - Tuesday 2 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
CHEMISTRY - Wednesday 3 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
PEACE - Friday 5 October, 11:00 a.m.
ECONOMIC SCIENCES - Monday 8 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest

Times listed are local time in Sweden (CET).

More infomation

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2018 Has Been Postponed

The Nobel Foundation supports the Swedish Academy's decision to postpone the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature.

The awarding of the 2018 Nobel Prizes in other prize categories will not be impacted by this decision.

Read the press release

Q&A with Lars Heikensten, Executive Director of the Nobel Foundation, concerning the decision.

Lisa Batiashvili. Photo: Sammy Hart

Photo: Sammy Hart

Lisa Batiashvili, Violin, Soloist at the 2018 Nobel Prize Concert

Lisa Batiashvili, praised for her virtuosity and profound sensitivity, will be this years soloist at the 2018 Nobel Prize Concert. Tickets go on sale on 16 May at

More about the concert

Nobel Laureates Facts

May-Britt Moser receiving her Nobel Prize from His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2014. Photo: Niklas Elmehed

All Nobel Laureates

Between 1901 and 2017, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 585 times to 923 people and organizations.

All Nobel Prizes

Pierre and Marie Curie

Nobel Prize Awarded Organizations

The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 27 times to organizations.

See the list of awarded organizations
Alice Munro

Nobel Prizes to Women

The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 49 times between 1901 and 2017.

All Nobel Prize awarded women

Malala Yousafzai

Youngest Laureate

Youngest Nobel Laureate ever is Malala Yousafzai. She was 17 years old when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

All Nobel Laureates by age

Featured Nobel Laureates

Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai - Girls' Right to Education in Focus

Under the most dangerous circumstances, Malala Yousafzai has already fought for several years for the right of girls to education. She was awarded the 2014 Peace Prize.

Watch or read her Nobel Lecture
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore - From Unknown to Famous

Fairly unknown in Europe at the time, Bengali poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore attracted western readers with his aura of mysticism.

Tagore and his India
Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner - Discovered the ABO Blood Groups

Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

More on Karl Landsteiner
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein - Not Only the Theory of Relativity

Although famed for his theory of general relativity, it was his law about light that gave Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Questions and answers about Albert Einstein
Marie Curie.

A Double Dose of Genius

Marie Curie was a Nobel Laureate of many firsts: the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize, the first person to be awarded the Prize twice and still the only person to receive the Prize in two different scientific fields.

Watch a glimpse of her in this video
Frederick Sanger video.

Twice a Nobel Laureate

Frederick Sanger was awarded his first Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the structure of proteins, in particular, insulin. In 1980, he was another a second prize.

Watch a video about Frederick Sanger
Bust of Alfred Nobel. © Nobel Media AB. Photo: Pi Frisk

© Nobel Media AB. Photo: Pi Frisk

Alfred Nobel Established the Nobel Prizes

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Alfred Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize.

Learn more about Alfred Nobel
Nobel Center, summer view. © David Chipperfield Architects

© David Chipperfield Architects

Nobel Center - A New Public Building

Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront.

Read more about the Nobel Center

Educational Games

Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Blood Typing Game


Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Diabetic Dog Game

A Drooling Game

Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.

Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game

In Memoriam

Paul D. Boyer

Paul D. Boyer 1918-2018

Paul D. Boyer passed away on 2 June. He performed pioneering work on enzymes that participate in the conversion of the "high-energy" compound adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997 . Paul D. Boyer was 99 years.

More about the 1997 Chemistry Prize

Jens C. Skou

Jens C. Skou Passes Away

Jens C. Skou was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997. He discovered an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase. ens C. Skou passed away on 28 May at the age of 99.

Biography of Jens C. Skou
More about the 1997 Chemistry Prize
Peter Grünberg

Peter Grünberg Dies at 78

Physics Laureate Peter Grünberg passed away on 9 April. Peter Grünberg discovered a totally new physical effect – Giant Magnetoresistance or GMR. Applications of this phenomenon have revolutionized techniques for retrieving data from hard disks.

Autobiograhy of Peter Grünberg
Nobel Prize in Physics 2007

John E. Sulston

Sir John Sulston 1942-2018

Pioneering genome scientist Sir John Sulston has passed away at the age of 75. He shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries which contributed to the understanding of how genes control cell division and cell death in organisms.

More about the 2002 Medicine Prize