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Watch the 2016 Nobel Prize Announcements Live provides
- up-to-the-minute news about the 2016 Nobel Prizes and Laureates
- press conferences from the Nobel Prize awarding institutions
- exclusive interviews with members of the Nobel Committees
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Announcements of the 2016 Nobel Prizes

Physiology or Medicine:
Monday 3 October, 11:30 a.m. at the earliest
Tuesday 4 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
Wednesday 5 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
Friday 7 October, 11:00 a.m.
Prize in Economic Sciences:
Monday 10 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
The date will be set later

Times listed are local time in Sweden.

Information for the press

Royal Academy of Sciences

Who Selects the Nobel Laureates?

In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established. Since 1901, the awarding of the Nobel Prizes is based on a system of nominations, handled by these four institutions: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, the Swedish Academy and the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

More about the Nobel Prize awarding institutions
Nerve cell

The Medicine Prize 1901-2000

In his will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that one part of his fortune should be awarded "the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine".

More about the history of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Did You Know?


Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded between 1901 and 2015.


Medicine Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.


women have been awarded the Medicine Prize so far.


years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.


years was the age of the oldest Medicine Laureate ever, Peyton Rous, when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966 for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses.

All facts and figures about the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Nobel Laureates

Who Are the Medicine Laureates?

See all Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine 1901-2015 and why they were awarded the Nobel Prize.

All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine

On Being Awarded the Nobel Prize

Peter Higgs

"And I said: 'What award?'"
Peter Higgs, Nobel Laureate in Physics 2013

Barry Marshall

"Robin and I often have a beer down by the riverside"
Barry Marshall, Medicine 2005

More memories

Elizabeth Blackburn

"Did you think we murdered somebody?"
Elizabeth Blackburn, Medicine 2009

Hiroshi Amano

"I didn't understand the reason of all congratulations"
Hiroshi Amano, Physics 2014

Jerome Karle

"The president of the USA called me up"
Jerome Karle, Chemistry 1985

Amartya Sen

"I needed a cup of coffee"
Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences 1998

Muhammad Yunus

"Immediately the whole country was electrified"
Muhammad Yunus, Peace 2006

Mairead Corrigan

"I really felt very frightened, I didn't know how to cope"
Mairead Corrigan, Peace 1976

Nobel Laureates Facts

William E. Moerner receiving his Nobel Prize from His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2014. Photo: Niklas Elmehed

All Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Between 1901 and 2015, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 573 times to 900 people and organizations.

All Nobel Prizes
Malala Yousafzai

The Youngest Laureate

The youngest Nobel Laureate ever is 17-year old Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai.

List of all Nobel Laureates by age
Pierre and Marie Curie

Nobel Prize Awarded Organizations

The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 26 times to organizations.

See the list of awarded organizations
Nobel Medal. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation.

Last Year's Laureates

10 persons were awarded in 2015, two women, eight men; and one organization.

See all 2015 Nobel Laureates and why they were awarded

Nobel Prize Nominations

Nobel Laureates

Who Deserves a Nobel Prize?

Alfred Nobel wanted most of his fortune to be used for prizes to award those who had "conferred the greatest benefit to mankind". See who's visitors thought were worthy of a Nobel Prize.

Read the suggestions

Who Can Nominate for A Nobel Prize?

No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?

Read more about how the Nobel Laureates are nominated
Archive files

Explore the Nomination Archive

Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations 1901-1964.

Search in the archive

Who Nominated Whom?

Here you can search for a nominee or a nominator, and see how the nominations were made across countries.

Explore the nomination map
Nobel women

They Changed the World

Literary mastery, pioneering science, life-saving discoveries and actions for peace and human rights – achievements of women around the world awarded the Nobel Prize.

See all awarded women
2014 Medicicne Laureates John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser

Explore the Nobel Prize Talks Podcast

Get to know the individuals that have been awarded the Nobel Prize a little bit better. Find your favourite among the episodes!

See all episodes
Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. Photo: Alex Ljungdahl

The Nobel Foundation Annual Report 2015

The Nobel Foundation’s capital has grown by one billion Swedish kronor since 2011.

Read more

Information for the Press

Nobel Prize Series launches in India for long-term program

The Nobel Foundation’s capital has grown by one billion Swedish kronor since 2011

Press room

Alfred Nobel - Established the Nobel Prizes

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Inventor

Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Alfred Nobel and his family

Alfred Nobel's Early Years

When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.

Early years in St. Petersburg
Will of Alfred Nobel

A Controversial Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about the founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel?

Try the quiz
Jonas Kaufmann. © Gregor Hohenberg/Sony Music Jonas Kaufmann. Photo © Gregor Hohenberg/Sony Music.

Jonas Kaufmann Soloist at the Nobel Prize Concert 2016

Jonas Kaufmann, "the most important versatile tenor of his generation", will perform at the Nobel Prize Concert in Stockholm, Sweden, on 8 December 2016. Gianandrea Noseda, newly appointed music director at the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington DC, USA, will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra.

More about the 2016 Nobel Prize Concert
Nobel Center, night view. © David Chipperfield Architects

© David Chipperfield Architects

A New Home for the Nobel Prize

Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront. Through its broad public activities, the Nobel Center will invite people into the Nobel Prize’s unique world of natural sciences, humanities and peace efforts and become a meeting place that inspires curiosity and creativity.

Read more about the Nobel Center

Educational Games

Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Blood Typing Game


Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Diabetic Dog Game

A Drooling Game

Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.

Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game

In Memoriam

Ahmed Zewail

Shimon Peres 1923-2016

Shimon Peres passed away on 28 September at age 93. He was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize together with Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".

Biography of Shimon Peres
1994 Nobel Peace Prize

James W. Cronin

James W. Cronin Passes Away

James W. Cronin passed away on 25 August, 84 years old. He was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery that the matter-antimatter symmetry is violated when the neutral K-meson decays.

Video interview with James Cronin
1980 Nobel Prize in Physics

Roger Y. Tsien

Chemistry Laureate Roger Tsien Dies, Age 64

Roger Tsien shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP". He passed away on 24 August.

More about the 2008 Chemistry Prize
Reinhard Selten

Reinhard Selten Passes Away

Reinhard Selten shared the 1994 Prize in Economic Sciences and was awarded for pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games. Reinhard Selten died on 23 August, at age 85.

Video interview with Reinhard Selten