Gertrude B. Elion

Remembering Gertrude Elion

Gertrude Elion was born on 23 January 1918. She revolutionized both the development of new pharmaceuticals and the field of medicine in general. In 1988 she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for "important principles for drug treatment".

Read more about her Nobel Prize

"When it came time at the end of my high school career to choose a major in which to specialize I was in a quandary. One of the deciding factors may have been that my grandfather, whom I loved dearly, died of cancer when I was 15. I was highly motivated to do something that might eventually lead to a cure for this terrible disease."

Martin Luther King, Jr. delivering his acceptance speech

Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent campaign against racism. "He is the first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence", said the Chairman of the Nobel Committee in his presentation speech.

Presentation of the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize
Martin Luther King Jr. receiving his Nobel Peace Prize

"I Have the Great Honour ..."

Watch Martin Luther King Jr. receive his Nobel Medal and Diploma in Oslo, Norway, on 10 December 1964. Aged 35, he was then the youngest Nobel Peace Prize Laureate ever.

Watch the video
Martin Luther King Jr

For Civil Rights and Social Justice

Martin Luther King Jr. dreamt that all inhabitants of the United States would be judged by their personal qualities and not by the colour of their skin. Read or listen to his Nobel Lecture "The Quest for Peace and Justice".

Martin Luther King Jr.'s Nobel Lecture
From the archives of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Who Nominated Martin Luther King Jr. for a Nobel Prize?

The first nomination arrived to the Norwegian Nobel Committee in January 1963.

Read more
Nobel Laureates

Who Are the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates?

See all Nobel Peace Prize Laureates and why they were awarded the Nobel Prize.

All Nobel Peace Prize Laureates



Who Can Nominate for a Nobel Prize?

No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?

Read more about how the Nobel Laureates are nominated
Royal Academy of Sciences

The Nobel Prize Awarders

The selection and awarding of the Nobel Laureates is based on a system of nominations, handled by four prize-awarding institutions.

Read more

Nobel Week Highlights

15 photos

Richard H. Thaler showing his Prize Medal during his visit to the Nobel Foundation.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

All Nobel Banquet guests assembled inside the glimmering Blue Hall at the Stockholm City Hall.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Overview from the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Pi Frisk.

Professor Carl-Henrik Heldin, Chairman of the Board of the Nobel Foundation delivers his speech.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Kip S. Thorne receives his Nobel Prize in Physics from H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

ICAN, represented by Setsuko Thurlow and Beatrice Fihn, receives the Nobel Peace Prize Medal and Diploma from Berit Reiss-Andersen of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, during the award ceremony in Oslo.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017.

Physics Laureate Kip S. Thorne is greeted by students as he enters Grimstaskolan.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Chemistry Laureate Richard Henderson meets students during his visit to Näsbyparkskolan.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Medicine Laureate Michael W. Young delivers his Nobel Lecture 'A 40 Year Journey from Drosophila's Clock Mutants to Human Circadian Disorders'.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017.

Physics Laureate Barry C. Barish arrives at the Nobel Museum in Stockholm, Sweden, for the 2017 Nobel Laureates' Get together.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Literature Laureate Kazuo Ishiguro receives a hearty handshake from Lars Heikensten, Executive Director of the Nobel Foundation.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Chemistry Laureate Joachim Frank arrives at the Nobel Museum.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Medicine Laureate Michael Rosbash tries the VR installation 'The Day the World Changed', based on this year's Peace Prize.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Richard Thaler, Laureate in Economic Sciences, autographs one of the Nobel Museum's chairs.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Chemistry Laureate Jacques Dubochet prepares his artefact.
Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2017. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.

Bary Barish and Konung Carl XVI Gustaf.

Awarded for "the Greatest Benefit to Mankind"

Twelve Laureates were awarded Nobel Prizes in 2017. During the award ceremonies in Oslo and Stockholm on 10 December, they received their Nobel Medals and Diplomas. See a short presentation of them here.

2017 Nobel Laureates

Information for the Press

Nobel Banquet Menu
Table of Honour - The Nobel Banquet 2017
The 2017 Nobel Week in Stockholm - detailed information for media

Nobel Peace Prize Events 2017

More news and press releases

Press images

Experience the Magic of the Nobel Festivities!

The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony at the Oslo City Hall in Norway begins with a trumpet fanfare. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2012

Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony

The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony takes place in the Oslo City Hall, Norway.

Video from the ceremony in Oslo and links to the speeches
Program for the award ceremony (pdf)
An overview of the 2012 Nobel Prize Award Ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2012. Photo: Alex Ljungdahl.

Nobel Prize Award Ceremony

The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony takes place at the Stockholm Concert Hall in Sweden.

More about the ceremony in Stockholm and links to the speeches
Program for the award ceremony (pdf)
Nobel Banquet. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2012. Photo: Helena Paulin-Strömberg

Nobel Banquet

The Banquet takes place in the Blue Hall of the Stockholm City Hall.

Nobel Banquet Menu
Program for the Nobel Banquet (pdf)

Nobel Laureates' Banquet Speeches
Rainer Weiss
Jacques Dubochet
Michael Rosbash
Kazuo Ishiguro
Richard H. Thaler

2017 Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prize in Physics

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Nobel Prize in Literature

Nobel Peace Prize

2017 Prize in Economic Sciences

Gustavo Dudamel. Photo Vern Evans/Los Angeles Philharmonic Photo: Vern Evans/Los Angeles Philharmonic

Nobel Prize Concert

The Nobel Prize Concert takes place in the Stockholm Concert Hall on 8 December each year, this year featuring conductor Gustavo Dudamel and the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra.

More about the 2017 Nobel Prize Concert
Building blocks

Nobel Week Dialogue

On 9 December 2017, seven Nobel Laureates exchanged thoughts and ideas with some of the world's most inspiring opinion leaders and experts during Nobel Week Dialogue in Gothenburg, Sweden.

Watch videos from Nobel Week Dialogue

Rigoberta Menchú Tum

Nobel Peace Prize Forum Oslo

This year's Forum featured 1992 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Rigoberta Menchú Tum and addressed indigenous rights within the context of social justice and environmental protection.

Watch videos from Nobel Peace Prize Forum Oslo

Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy

The Very First Nobel Prizes

On 10 December 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

Learn more about the 1901 Nobel Prizes
The First Award Ceremony

The First Award Ceremony

Read some personal memories from the first ever Nobel Prize Award Ceremony on 10 December 1901, then located in the hall of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music.

Read the memories
Norwegian flag

Why a 'Norwegian' Nobel Prize?

Alfred Nobel left no explanation as to why the Nobel Peace Prize was to be awarded by a Norwegian committee while the other four prizes were to be handled by Swedish committees.

Read more
Nobel Medals

The Nobel Medals - a Work of Handmade Precision

According to the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation, each Nobel Laureate shall be presented with a Nobel Medal.

See how the Nobel Medals are manufactured

What Do the Nobel Laureates Receive?

Nobel Diploma Mo Yan

The Nobel Diplomas

Each Nobel Diploma is a unique work of art, created by foremost Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers.

More about the Nobel Diplomas

Nobel medal

The Nobel Medals

The Nobel medals show the image of Alfred Nobel on the face. The image on the reverse varies according to the institution awarding the prize.

More about the Nobel Medals

The Prize Amount

The Nobel Prize amount for 2017 was set at SEK 9.0 million per full Nobel Prize. Until 1968, in principle more than three persons could share a Nobel Prize, but this never happened in practice.

More about the Nobel Prize Amount

Alfred Nobel - Established the Nobel Prizes

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Inventor

Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Alfred Nobel and his family

Alfred Nobel's Early Years

When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.

Early years in St. Petersburg
Will of Alfred Nobel

A Controversial Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about the founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel?

Try the quiz

Featured Nobel Laureates

Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai - Girls' Right to Education in Focus

Under the most dangerous circumstances, Malala Yousafzai has already fought for several years for the right of girls to education. She was awarded the 2014 Peace Prize.

Watch or read her Nobel Lecture
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore - From Unknown to Famous

Fairly unknown in Europe at the time, Bengali poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore attracted western readers with his aura of mysticism.

Tagore and his India
Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner - Discovered the ABO Blood Groups

Human blood groups were discovered in 1901 by Karl Landsteiner, later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

More on Karl Landsteiner
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein - Not Only the Theory of Relativity

Although famed for his theory of general relativity, it was his law about light that gave Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Questions and answers about Albert Einstein
Nobel Center, summer view. © David Chipperfield Architects

© David Chipperfield Architects

Nobel Center - A New Public Building

Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront.

Read more about the Nobel Center


Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Nobel Prize Lessons Bring the 2017 Nobel Laureates into the Classroom

Teachers can find free lesson material within 24 hours after every Nobel Prize announcement. Start teaching straight away.

More about Nobel Prize Lessons

Educational Games

Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Blood Typing Game


Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Diabetic Dog Game

A Drooling Game

Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.

Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game