Independently of each other, Ekimov and Brus succeeded in creating quantum dots, and Bawendi revolutionised the chemical production.
Quantum dots now illuminate computer monitors and television screens based on QLED technology. They also add nuance to the light of some LED lamps, and biochemists and doctors use them to map biological tissue.
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27 chemistry prizes have been shared by three laureates.
8 women have been awarded the chemistry prize so far.
2 people, Frederick Sanger and Barry Sharpless, have been awarded the chemistry prize twice.
35 years was the age of the youngest chemistry laureate ever, Frédéric Joliot, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1935.
97 was the age of the oldest chemistry laureate, and oldest laureate ever, John B. Goodenough.
More facts and figures about the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The Nobel Prize in Literature
Press release: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2023
Scientific background: Discoveries concerning nucleoside base modifications that enabled the development of effective mRNA vaccines against COVID-19
14 laureates were awarded Nobel Prizes in 2022. See a short presentation of them here.
See the list of all women awarded a Nobel Prize or a prize in economic sciences so far.
Youngest Nobel Prize laureate ever is Malala Yousafzai. She was 17 years old when she was awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.
See the full schedule
Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 342 million dollars) to fund the Nobel Prizes.
When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, an inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.
Based on Alfred’s work and patents a whole new industry developed. Within ten years, 16 explosives producing factories had been founded in 14 countries.
In his will of 27 November 1895, signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.
No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?
In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established.
Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations 1901-1971.
Mohandas Gandhi has become the strongest symbol of non-violence in the 20th century. He was nominated several times, but was never awarded the prize. Why?
Learn more about the way to find out about the human blood groups, blood typing and the importance of safe blood transfusions. See if you can save the lives of the patients in the game!
With this animated game, teachers are able to illustrate classical conditioning in the classroom. The object of the game is to train Pavlov’s dog to respond to a signal that it will associate with being fed.
In 1904, Ivan Pavlov was awarded with Nobel Prize for his pioneering studies of how the digestive system works.
Read Ferid Murad’s biography
Read John B. Goodenough’s biography