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In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established. Since 1901, the awarding of the Nobel Prizes is based on a system of nominations, handled by these four institutions: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, the Swedish Academy and the Norwegian Nobel Committee.More about the Nobel Prize awarding institutions
In his will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that one part of his fortune should be awarded "the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine".More about the history of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded between 1901 and 2015.
Medicine Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.
women have been awarded the Medicine Prize so far.
years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.
years was the age of the oldest Medicine Laureate ever, Peyton Rous, when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966 for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses.
See all Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine 1901-2015 and why they were awarded the Nobel Prize.All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine
"Robin and I often have a beer down by the riverside"
Barry Marshall, Medicine 2005
Between 1901 and 2015, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 573 times to 900 people and organizations.All Nobel Prizes
The youngest Nobel Laureate ever is 17-year old Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai.List of all Nobel Laureates by age
The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 26 times to organizations.See the list of awarded organizations
10 persons were awarded in 2015, two women, eight men; and one organization.See all 2015 Nobel Laureates and why they were awarded
Alfred Nobel wanted most of his fortune to be used for prizes to award those who had "conferred the greatest benefit to mankind". See who Nobelprize.org's visitors thought were worthy of a Nobel Prize.Read the suggestions
No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize. But who can? And how are these persons chosen?Read more about how the Nobel Laureates are nominated
Search among the names of the nominees and nominators, as well as additional information about the nominations 1901-1964.Search in the archive
Here you can search for a nominee or a nominator, and see how the nominations were made across countries.Explore the nomination map
Literary mastery, pioneering science, life-saving discoveries and actions for peace and human rights – achievements of women around the world awarded the Nobel Prize.See all awarded women
Get to know the individuals that have been awarded the Nobel Prize a little bit better. Find your favourite among the episodes!See all episodes
The Nobel Foundation’s capital has grown by one billion Swedish kronor since 2011.Read more
Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.Alfred Nobel's life and work
When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.Early years in St. Petersburg
In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes.Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
How much do you know about the founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel?Try the quiz
Jonas Kaufmann, "the most important versatile tenor of his generation", will perform at the Nobel Prize Concert in Stockholm, Sweden, on 8 December 2016. Gianandrea Noseda, newly appointed music director at the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington DC, USA, will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra.More about the 2016 Nobel Prize Concert
© David Chipperfield Architects
Nobel Center is to be built on Blasieholmen, on a wonderful site along Stockholm's central waterfront. Through its broad public activities, the Nobel Center will invite people into the Nobel Prize’s unique world of natural sciences, humanities and peace efforts and become a meeting place that inspires curiosity and creativity.
Help your dog to cope with diabetes.Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!Play the Blood Typing Game
Train a dog to drool on command! It's all about conditioned learning.Play the Pavlov's Dog Game
Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.Play the Laser Challenge Game
Shimon Peres passed away on 28 September at age 93. He was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize together with Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".Biography of Shimon Peres
James W. Cronin passed away on 25 August, 84 years old. He was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery that the matter-antimatter symmetry is violated when the neutral K-meson decays.
Roger Tsien shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP". He passed away on 24 August.Biography