All 2014 Nobel Laureates. Ill. N. Elmehed. © Nobel Media 2014
The Earth

Coming Up: Nobel Prize Events in India

Between 30 October and 6 November 2014, the largest Nobel programme outside of Scandinavia so far will take place in India, in Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai and Pune. Two Nobel Laureates, George Smoot and Finn Kydland, will be sharing their brilliant thoughts and the exhibition The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing the World will be open to the public.

More information about the events
United Nations headquarters in Geneva. Photo: Henry Mühlpfordt, CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 via Wikimedia Commons

United Nations headquarters in Geneva. Photo: H. Mühlpfordt, CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 via Wikimedia Commons

United Nations Day, 24 October 2014

The United Nations is an international organization working to resolve armed conflict, promote human rights, protect the environment and many other issues. 24 October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948, as a day to reflect on what more we can do to realize our vision for a better world. In 2001, the United Nations and the Secretary-General at the time, Kofi Annan, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Watch the 2001 Nobel Prize Award Ceremony
See the list of all Nobel Prize awarded organizations, including four other UN organizations

Information for the Press

2014 Nobel Week in Stockholm - Assistance to Media

Nobel Laureate Eric Kandel explores immortality with Jeff Koons

Live Webcast of 2014 Nobel Prize Announcements

Nobel Laureates explore the secrets of ageing

2014 Physics Prize

2014 Physics Laureates. Ill: N. Elmehed. © Nobel Media 2014 Ill: N. Elmehed. © Nobel Media 2014

2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources".

Press release
Prize announcement

Isamu Akasaki: "I was overwhelmed."

Hear Isamu Akasaki talk about his reaction and the many congratulatory messages he received: "This shows the authority and greatness of the Nobel Prize".

Transcript of the interview

Hiroshi Amano: "Now I'm wondering how to act."

Hiroshi Amano was on a plane so it took quite some time before he received the news that he had been awarded the Physics Prize.

Transcript of the interview

Shuji Nakamura: "I was so happy. And I was so surprised!"

Shuji Nakamura was asleep in California when he got the call that he had been awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Transcript of the interview

2014 Chemistry Prize

2014 Chemistry Lauteates. Photos: M. Staley/HHMI, B. Schuller, Max-Planck-Institut, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0 Photos: M. Staley/HHMI, B. Schuller, Max-Planck-Institut, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0

2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014 was awarded jointly to Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy".

Press release
Prize announcement

Eric Betzig: "Chemistry was always my weakest subject"

Eric Betzig was in Germany preparing for a keynote when he got the news that he had been awarded the 2014 Chemistry Prize.

Transcript of the interview

Stefan W. Hell: "I love to be a scientist"

Stefan W. Hell was going through the details of a paper when he got the news that he had been awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Transcript of the interview

William E. Moerner: "Your heart races. Can this be?"

William E. Moerner was in Brazil to take part in a conference when the call came from Stockholm.

Transcript of the interview

2014 Medicine Prize

2014 Medicine Laureates. Photos: D. Bishop, UCL and G. Mogen/NTNU Photos: D. Bishop, UCL and G. Mogen/NTNU

2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 was awarded with one half to John O'Keefe and the other half jointly to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain".

Press release
Prize announcement

Edvard I. Moser: "I didn't understand anything"

Edvard I. Moser was on a plane on his way to Munich when the news was announced.

Transcript of the interview

John O'Keefe: "I’m over the moon actually"

John O'Keefe was working at his desk at home in London when he got the news that he had been awarded the Medicine Prize.

Transcript of the interview

May-Britt Moser: "This is so great"

Listen to an interview with May-Britt Moser directly after the announcement of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Transcript of the interview

2014 Literature Prize

Patrick Modiano. Photo: Catherine Hélie, Courtesy Ed. Gallimard Photo: C. Hélie, Courtesy Ed. Gallimard

2014 Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 was awarded to Patrick Modiano "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation".

Press release
Biobibliographical notes
Prize announcement

Patrick Modiano: "First of all ... so unexpected, it's something I never thought I would receive"

French author Patrick Modiano in his first interview after the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Literature. Patrick Modiano was just next to the Jardin de Luxembourg when he was notified by his daughter about the news from Stockholm.

Transcript in English

World map

14th Literature Laureate Writing in French

Patrick Modiano writes in French. Most common languages for the 111 Literature Laureates are:

Literature Laureates and languages

2014 Peace Prize

Peace Prize Laureates. Ill. N. Elmehed. © Nobel Media 2014 Ill. N. Elmehed. © Nobel Media 2014

2014 Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".

Press release
Prize announcement

Kailash Satyarthi: "A great moment for all those children"

"This will help in giving bigger visibility to the cause of children who are most neglected and most deprived", says Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kailash Satyarthi. Hear his reaction and what the Nobel Peace Prize means for his cause.

Transcript of the interview

Malala Yousafzai: "This is really an encouragement for me to go forward"

During a press conference in Birmingham, United Kingdom, Malala Yousafzai gave her thoughts on being awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.
BBC News Press Conference

Jean Tirole. Photo © Studio Tchiz/TSE Photo © Studio Tchiz/TSE

2014 Prize in Economic Sciences

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014 was awarded to Jean Tirole "for his analysis of market power and regulation".

Press release

Jean Tirole in interview: "I still haven't recouped yet."

2014 Laureate in Economic Sciences Jean Tirole was incredibly surprised when he got the news that he has been awarded the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for 2014. He then told his wife - and his mother. "She's 90 years old. I first asked her to sit before I told her the news."

Transcript of the interview

"We are affected by big firms all the time"

After the announcement, Tore Ellingsen, Chairman of the Committee for the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was interviewed about the 2014 Prize.

On Being Awarded the Nobel Prize

Muhammad Yunus

"Immediately the whole country was electrified"
Muhammad Yunus, Peace 2006

Barry Marshall

"Robin and I often have a beer"
Barry Marshall, Medicine 2005

Gross and Wilczek

"It was a relief"
David Gross and Frank Wilczek, Physics 2004

Ahmed Zewail

"The last 20 minutes of peace"
Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry 1999

Jerome Karle

"The president of the USA called me up"
Jerome Karle, Chemistry 1985

Mairead Corrigan

"I didn't know how to cope"
Mairead Corrigan, Peace 1976

Wole Soyinka

"It really made life virtually impossible"
Wole Soyinka, Literature 1986

Amartya Sen

"I needed a cup of coffee"
Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences 1998

What Do the Nobel Laureates Receive?

Nobel Diploma Mo Yan

The Nobel Diplomas

Each Nobel Diploma is a unique work of art, created by foremost Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers.

More about the Nobel Diplomas

Nobel medal

The Nobel Medals

The Nobel medals show the image of Alfred Nobel on the face. The image on the reverse varies according to the institution awarding the prize.

More about the Nobel Medals

The Prize Amount

The Nobel Prize amount for 2013 was set at SEK 8.0 million per full Nobel Prize. Until 1968, in principle more than three persons could share a Nobel Prize, but this never happened in practice.

More about the Nobel Prize Amount

Nobel Laureates Facts

Nobel Prize Award Ceremony

All Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Between 1901 and 2014, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 567 times to 889 people and organizations. View the full list of Nobel Prizes and Laureates.

All Nobel Prizes

Alice Munro

47 Nobel Prizes to Women So Far

The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 47 times between 1901 and 2014.

All Nobel Prize awarded women

Jean-Paul Sartre

Two Declined the Nobel Prize

Jean-Paul Sartre and Le Duc Tho both declined the Nobel Prize, Sartre in 1964 and Le Duc Tho in 1973.

More about the Literature Prize to Jean-Paul Sartre
More about Le Duc Tho
Malala Yousafzai

The Youngest Laureate

50 out of all Laureates were younger than 40 years old at the year of the award. Youngest ever is 17-year old Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai.

List of all Nobel Laureates by age

Alfred Nobel - The Man behind the Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Business Man

Alfred Nobel spoke 5 languages fluently at the age of 17. He worked as chemist, engineer and industrialist. He left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Dynamite logotype

Inventor of Dynamite

In 1866 Alfred Nobel invented this new explosive material. An entirely new industry grew up, based on Alfred Nobel's patents and with Alfred as the initiator.

Alfred Nobel's dynamite companies
Will of Alfred Nobel

A Controversial Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes - in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about Alfred Nobel, the founder of the Nobel Prize?

Try the quiz

Coming Up

2014 Nobel Week Dialogue - register now

Meet Nobel Laureates and Experts
at 2014 Nobel Week Dialogue

This year's dialogue aims to present new scientific and cultural perspectives on ageing. In the year 2000, for the first time in history, there were more people in the world aged 60 and over than there were children below the age of 5. Recent predictions on how this demographic shift will continue vary widely, but all agree on one fact: Our world is ageing. The event is now fully booked, but will be streamed live, more information to come.

More information
Andris Nelsons conducting. Photo © Marco Borggreve Andris Nelsons conducting. Photo © Marco Borggreve

2014 Nobel Prize Concert Features Andris Nelsons

Andris Nelsons, one of the world's currently most sought-after young conductors will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra at this year's Nobel Prize Concert on 8 December. He will be joined by soloists soloists Kristine Opolais, soprano, and Håkan Hardenberger, trumpet. Concert tickets are now on sale at

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Educational Games

Blood Typing Game


Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game
Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game


Do you play educational games?

In Memoriam

Martin Perl

Martin Perl, Discoverer of the Tau Lepton, Dies

Martin L. Perl, professor emeritus of physics at Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics, passed away on 30 September, 87 years old.

Video interview with Martin Perl

Nadine Gordimer

Nadine Gordimer Passes Away

A tireless portrayer of apartheid

Nadine Gordimer, awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature, died on 13 July 2014, 90 years old.

Nobel Lecture: Writing and Being
Watch Nadine Gordimer read
Gerald M. Edelman

Gerald M. Edelman

Gerald M. Edelman, awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for deciphering the structure of antibodies, died on 17 May at the age of 84.

Video interview with Gerald M. Edelman
Gary S. Becker

Gary S. Becker

Gary S. Becker, awarded the 1992 Prize in Economic Sciences for having extended the domain of economic theory to aspects of human behavior, died on 3 May, 83 years old.

1992 Prize in Economic Sciences