Nobelprize.org
All 2014 Nobel Laureates. Copyright © Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud.
Drawing of Kenzaburo Oe

Celebrating Kenzaburo Oe, 80 Years

Literature Laureate Kenzaburo Oe was born on 31 January 1935, in a village hemmed in by the forests of Shikoku, one of the four main islands of Japan. His family had lived in the village tradition for several hundred years, and no one in the Oe clan had ever left the village in the valley.

Biography of Kenzaburo Oe

"I am a strange Japanese who spent his infancy and boyhood under the overwhelming influence of Nils Holgersson. So great was Nils' influence on me that there was a time I could name Sweden's beautiful locales better than those of my own country."


In Memoriam

Yves Chauvin Passes Away

2005 Chemistry Laureate Yves Chavin passed away on 27 Januari, 84 years old. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis.


Yves Chauvin

"If you want to find something new, look for something new!"

Yves Chauvin grew up in western Flanders. He survived the bombings during the war, was not a brilliant student, but chose chemistry, rather by chance.

Biography of Yves Chauvin


Yves Chauvin

Listen to Yves Chauvin

Yves Chauvin was interviewed by Nobelprize.org during the Nobel Week in December 2005. Here, he talks about being awarded the Nobel Prize, his discovery and his passion for chemistry. The interview is in French.

Watch the interview


Charles H. Townes,
1915-2015

Charles H. Townes, awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics for the fundamental work that led to the construction of lasers, died on 27 January at the age of 99.

Video interview
Biography
Charles H. Townes, Nicolay G. Basov and Aleksandr M. Prokhorov at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. Photo: Sveriges Television AB 2010 Charles H. Townes, Nicolay G. Basov and Aleksandr M. Prokhorov at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony.

They Opened Up Vast New Fields for Research and Applications

Charles H. Townes was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Nicolay G. Basov and Aleksandr M. Prokhorov for their fundamental work, which led to the construction of lasers. They founded the theory of lasers and described how a laser could be built, originating from a similar appliance for microwaves called the maser, that was introduced during the 1950s.

1964 Nobel Prize in Physics
More about the laser
QuoteBut the imposing edifice of science provides a challenging view of what can be achieved ...

Charles H. Townes was 49 years old when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden.

Charles H. Townes's speech from the Nobel Banquet

Video clip from the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony


Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. delivering his acceptance speech

Awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize

Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent campaign against racism. Read more about Martin Luther King, Jr. at Nobelprize.org:
1964 Nobel Peace Prize
Biography
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Nobel Peace Prize Medal. Registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation. © ® The Nobel Foundation. Photo: Thomas Widerberg

For Civil Rights and Social Justice

Martin Luther King Jr. dreamt that all inhabitants of the United States would be judged by their personal qualities and not by the color of their skin. Read his Nobel Lecture "The Quest for Peace and Justice".

Martin Luther King Jr.'s Nobel Lecture
Barred wire

"Peace is more precious than diamonds or silver or gold"

Martin Luther King Jr. held his acceptance speech on the occasion of the award of the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, on 10 December 1964.

Watch or read the speech
Recording of Nobel Minds

2014 Nobel Laureates in Discussion

Is the best kind of science useful science? In the round-table discussion program Nobel Minds, some of today's greatest minds converse about the discoveries for which they have been honored.

Watch the program
Eric Kandel

"The Artist Is a Scientist"

Medicine Laureate Eric Kandel sees the divide between art and science as artificial. In podcast episode, he discusses his exploration of learning and memory. He also talks about his childhood experiences of antisemitism in Vienna.

Listen to Eric Kandel
Map

Information for the Press

Magnus Gylje appointed as Chief Digital Officer and editor-in-chief for Nobelprize.org at Nobel Media AB
2015-01-23

Press images from Nobel Week

2014 Physics Prize

The heart of the LED. Ill: J. Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Filling the World with New Light

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura.

More about the Physics Prize
Isamu Akasaki's Nobel Diploma

A Work of Art in Miniature

The prize awarders decide the design of the Nobel Diplomas. Each diploma is a unique work of art.

Have a look at Isamu Akasaki's diploma


Hiroshi Amano

"When I was a child, I could not understand why I should study"

In this interview, Hiroshi Amano explains what brought him to science.

Watch the interview clip


Shuji Nakamura lecturing

"I had no confidence in inventing the blue LED, I just wanted my PhD"

In his Nobel Lecture, Shuji Nakamura gave the background story of his invention.

Watch the lecture


2014 Chemistry Prize

The principles of STED-microscopy. Ill: J. Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Optical Microscope Became a Nanoscope

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014 was awarded jointly to Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner.

More about the Chemistry Prize

Eric Betzig lecturing

"We knew we had to work fast"

Eric Betzig dedicated his Nobel Lecture about super-resolution optics to "all people taking risks but in the end failed".

Watch the lecture


Stefan W. Hell

"What I discovered is that you can overcome this barrier"

Watch Stefan W. Hell give a short and simple explanation of the fluorescence microscope.

Watch the interview clip


William E. Moerner

"A single molecule is incredibly tiny"

William E. Moerner describes his Nobel Prize awarded work in easy-to-understand terms.

Watch the interview clip


2014 Medicine Prize

Grid cells. Ill. Mattias Karlen/The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet

A Positioning System, an "Inner GPS"

The 2014 Medicine Prize was awarded to John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.

More about the Medicine Prize
John O'Keefe

"The cognitive map is how we know where we are"

John O'Keefe describes his Nobel Prize awarded work in easy-to-understand terms.

Watch the interview clip


May-Britt Moser

"In love with science"

In this conversation May-Britt Moser talks about the pure joy of exploring the connection between behaviour and the brain.

Edvard I. Moser lecturing

"Even on work that hasn't even been done"

In his Nobel Lecture, Edvard I. Moser described his research, and revealed news from his work today.

Watch the lecture


2014 Literature Prize

Patrick Modiano.

"for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 was awarded to Patrick Modiano.

Biobibliographical notes
Patrick Modiano reading

"Missing, a young girl, Dora Bruder, age 15"

Memory, identity and time are central themes for Patrick Modiano. Read, or listen to, an excerpt from his book Dora Bruder.

Excerpt from the book


Patrick Modiano's Nobel Diploma

Designs Related to Each Laureate

In the Nobel Diplomas, the artists try to summarize something of the atmosphere and character of each author's works.

Have a closer look at Patrick Modiano's diploma


Book

Recommend a Book!

Have you read a novel or a collection of poems by an author awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature? Tell us about your favorite book!

Recommend a book
Visitors' book tips

2014 Peace Prize

Child labour. By Shanjoy CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons Photo: Shanjoy via Wikimedaia Commons

A Common Struggle for Education and against Extremism

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai.

More about the Peace Prize
Kailash Satyarthi lecturing

"Let us democratise knowledge"

In his Nobel Lecture, Kailash Satyarthi, called for "a march from exploitation to education, from poverty to shared prosperity, a march from slavery to liberty, and a march from violence to peace."

Watch or read the lecture


Nobel Banquet Dessert. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2014. Photo: Helena-Paulin Strömberg.

"This award is not just for me"

Malala Yousafzai dedicated her Peace Prize to "those forgotten children who want education. It is for those frightened children who want peace. It is for those voiceless children who want change."

Watch or read the lecture


Nobel Banquet Dessert. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2014. Photo: Helena-Paulin Strömberg.

"When I was giving my Nobel Lecture I lost my manuscript"

In this interview clip, Kailash Satyarthi shares some memorable moments from the Nobel Days in Oslo, Norway.

Watch the video clip


2014 Prize in Economic Sciences

Monopoly. Ill: J. Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Market Power and Regulation

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014 was awarded to Jean Tirole.

More about the Prize in Economic Sciences
Jean Tirole

"I didn't know anything about economics"

Jean Tirole talks about what brought him to study economics: the combination of the rigorous mathematics and the human aspect of social sciences.

Watch the interview clip


Jean Tirole delivering his banquet speech

"Humility is not easy to preserve when receiving such a prestigious award"

Read Jean Tirole's speech from the Nobel Banquet in Stockholm, Sweden.

Read the speech


Jean Tirole's diploma

The Diploma for Economic Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is responsible for the Physics and Chemistry diplomas, and since 1969 also for the Economic Sciences diploma.

Have a look at Jean Tirole's diploma


2014 Nobel Week Events

Andris Nelsons conducting. Photo © Marco Borggreve

Nobel Prize Concert

The 2014 Nobel Prize Concert, featured conductor Andris Nelsons, soprano Kristine Opolais, trumpeter Håkan Hardenberger and the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra.

More about the concert

The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony at the Oslo City Hall in Norway begins with a trumpet fanfare. Copyright © Nobel Media AB 2012

Nobel Week Dialogue

Audiences across the globe joined Nobel Laureates, scientists and thought leaders in a dialogue on the scientific and cultural implications of our ageing world.

Watch videos from the event
Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony

Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony

The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway.

Video of the ceremony
Award Ceremony Speech by Thorbjørn Jagland


Nobel Prize Award Ceremony

Nobel Prize Award Ceremony and Banquet

Video of the ceremony in Stockholm
Speech by Carl-Henrik Heldin
Video clips from the Nobel Banquet


The Nobel Prize in Numbers

Nobel Prize Award Ceremony

All Nobel Prizes

Between 1901 and 2014, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 567 times to 889 people and organizations.

All Nobel Prizes


Alice Munro

Nobel Prizes to Women

The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 47 times between 1901 and 2014.

All Nobel Prize awarded women


Jean-Paul Sartre

Declined the Nobel Prize

Jean-Paul Sartre and Le Duc Tho both declined the Nobel Prize, Sartre in 1964 and Le Duc Tho in 1973.

More about Jean-Paul Sartre
More about Le Duc Tho
Malala Yousafzai

Years of Age

Youngest Nobel Laureate ever is 17-year old Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai. 50 out of all Laureates were younger than 40 years old at the year of the award.

All Nobel Laureates by age

Alfred Nobel - The Man behind the Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Inventor

Chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Alfred Nobel and his family

Alfred Nobel's Early Years

When Alfred was five years old his father Immanuel, inventor and builder, moved to St. Petersburg. Alfred joined him a few years later.

Early years in St. Petersburg
Will of Alfred Nobel

The Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes - in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about Alfred Nobel, the founder of the Nobel Prize?

Try the quiz

Educational Games

Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game
Blood Typing Game

Bloodtyping

Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Lord of the Flies Game

Lord of the Flies

Read the book? How much do you remember?

Play the Lord of the Flies Game

TODAY'S QUESTION

Do you play educational games?