Nobelprize.org
Ada Yonath

Alfred Nobel - The Man behind the Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel

Scientist and Business Man

Alfred Nobel spoke 5 languages fluently at the age of 17. He worked as chemist, engineer and industrialist. He left 31 million SEK (today about 265 million dollar) to fund the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Nobel's life and work
Dynamite logotype

Inventor of Dynamite

In 1866 Alfred Nobel invented this new explosive material. An entirely new industry grew up, based on Alfred Nobel's patents and with Alfred as the initiator.

Alfred Nobel's dynamite companies
Will of Alfred Nobel

A Controversial Will

In his will of 27 November 1895 signed in Paris, Alfred Nobel specified that the bulk of his fortune should be used for prizes - in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.

Excerpt of Alfred Nobel's will
Quiz logotype

Alfred Nobel Quiz

How much do you know about Alfred Nobel, the founder of the Nobel Prize?

Try the quiz

Laurel wreaths

What is a Nobel Laureate?

A Laureate is a person honoured for high achievement in a particular field. A Nobel Laureate is someone who is awarded the Nobel Prize.

The word "laureate" refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour.

See all Nobel Prizes and Laureates
Announcement of the Nobel Prize

Announcements of the 2014 Nobel Prizes

The prize awarding institutions have set the following dates for their announcements of the 2014 prize decisions:

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE - Monday 6 October, 11:30 a.m. at the earliest
PHYSICS - Tuesday 7 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
CHEMISTRY - Wednesday 8 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest
PEACE - Friday 10 October, 11:00 a.m.
ECONOMIC SCIENCES - Monday 13 October, 1:00 p.m. at the earliest
LITERATURE - The date will be set later
Times listed are local time in Sweden (CET).

Read more
World map

Nobel Laureates in the World

... the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be Scandinavian or not.

Alfred Nobel thought that the worthiness of the candidates was more important than their nationality. In this interactive world map, you can find out where the Laureates were born.

Explore the interactive map
Eric Kandel

"The Artist Is a Scientist"

2000 Medicine Laureate Eric Kandel sees the divide between art and science as artificial. In this podcast episode he discusses his exploration of learning and memory and how the fields neuroscience, psychology and art are all interrelated. He also talks about his childhood experiences of antisemitism in Vienna.

Tim Hunt writing.

"If We Really Understood Things, There Would Be No Sense of Discovery"

Tim Hunt, awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, looks upon biology in much the same way as life: in many cases we don't really have a clue what's going on, but we can try to learn more by playing around. In this new podcast episode, he discusses his passion for science, and his talent for spotting good problems and asking good questions.


Eugunen Fama. Photo: B. Rooney, © University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Lars Peter Hansen. Photo: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Robert J. Shiller. Photo: M. Marsland/Yale University

Explore the Nobel Prize Talks Podcast

Get to know the individuals that have been awarded the Nobel Prize a bit better. What gives them their drive and creativity? Find your favourite among all 26 available episodes, including Nobel Laureates in all Nobel Prize subjects.

See all episodes
Andris Nelsons conducting. Photo © Marco Borggreve Andris Nelsons conducting. Photo © Marco Borggreve

2014 Nobel Prize Concert Features Andris Nelsons

Andris Nelsons, one of the world's currently most sought-after young conductors will lead the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra at this year's Nobel Prize Concert on 8 December.

More about the concert
2014 Nobel Week Dialogue

Meet Nobel Laureates and Experts

The 2014 Nobel Week Dialogue aims to introduce new perspectives on the challenges and opportunities of ageing. A unique constellation of Nobel Laureates, world-leading scientists, experts and thought leaders will take part in the discussions.

More about the event

Educational Games

Blood Typing Game

Bloodtyping

Learn about human blood types and blood transfusions!

Play the Blood Typing Game

Laser Challenge Game

All about Laser

Collect a star and answer its laser question correctly.

Play the Laser Challenge Game
Diabetic Dog Game

Save the Dog

Help your dog to cope with diabetes.

Play the Diabetic Dog Game
TODAY'S QUESTION
Do you play educational games?

In Memoriam

Nadine Gordimer

Nadine Gordimer Passes Away

A tireless portrayer of apartheid

Nadine Gordimer, awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature, died on 13 July 2014, 90 years old.

Nobel Lecture: Writing and Being
Watch Nadine Gordimer read
Gerald M. Edelman

Gerald M. Edelman
1929-2014

Gerald M. Edelman, awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for deciphering the structure of antibodies, died on 17 May at the age of 84.

Video interview with Gerald M. Edelman
Biography
Gary S. Becker

Gary S. Becker
1930-2014

Gary S. Becker, awarded the 1992 Prize in Economic Sciences for having extended the domain of economic theory to aspects of human behavior, died on 3 May, 83 years old.

Biography
1992 Prize in Economic Sciences
Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez Passes Away

Gabriel García Márquez, awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature 1982, passed away on 17 April 2014.

1982 Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Lecture: The Solitude of Latin America
Excerpt from One Hundred Years of Solitude