The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945
Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957),
pseudonym for Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga, was born in Vicuña,
Chile. The daughter of a dilettante poet, she began to write
poetry as a village schoolteacher after a passionate romance with
a railway employee who committed suicide. She taught elementary
and secondary school for many years until her poetry made her
famous. She played an important role in the educational systems
of Mexico and Chile, was active in cultural committees of the
League of Nations, and was Chilean consul in Naples, Madrid, and
Lisbon. She held honorary degrees from the Universities of
Guatemala and was an honorary member of various cultural
societies in Chile as well as in the United States, Spain, and
Cuba. She taught Spanish literature in the United States at
University, Middlebury College, Vassar College, and at the University of Puerto
The love poems in memory of the dead, Sonetos de la muerte (1914), made her known throughout Latin America, but her first great collection of poems, Desolación [Despair], was not published until 1922. In 1924 appeared Ternura [Tenderness], a volume of poetry dominated by the theme of childhood; the same theme, linked with that of maternity, plays a significant role in Tala, poems published in 1938. Her complete poetry was published in 1958.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
Gabriela Mistral died on January 10, 1957.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1945