Gabriela Mistral


Gabriela Mistral

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Gabriela Mistral
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945

Born: 7 April 1889, Vicuña, Chile

Died: 10 January 1957, Hempstead, NY, USA

Residence at the time of the award: Chile

Prize motivation: “for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world”

Language: Spanish

Prize share: 1/1


Lucila Godoy Alcayaga was born in 1889 in Vicuna, Coquimbo in Chile. She was the daughter of a school teacher and poet, and Godoy herself began working as a teacher in her home district at the age of just 15. She continued working as a prominent educator until her poetry became known. She borrowed the pseudonym, Gabriela Mistral, from her favorite poets, Gabriele D'Annunzio and Frédéric Mistral. Godoy has several assignments within Latin American education systems, worked on various committees, and also served as the Chilean consul in several countries.


Gabriela Mistral's poems are characterized by strong emotion and direct language. They are also influenced by the modernist movement. Their central themes are love, deceit, sorrow, nature, travel, and love for children. Mistral's first major work was Desolación, published in 1922. In 1924 came Ternura (Tenderness), which contains lullabies and rhymes for children, and later Tala (Felling) in 1938, which employs unusual imagery and free verse. Mistral was also involved in sociopolitical issues and was a well-known op-ed writer for major newspapers in her home country of Chile. Mistral was South America's first ever Nobel Laureate in Literature.

To cite this section
MLA style: Gabriela Mistral – Facts. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Mon. 2 Oct 2023. <>

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