The Nobel Prize in Literature 1963
Giorgos Seferis was born in Smyrna,
Asia Minor, in 1900. He attended school in Smyrna and finished
his studies at the Gymnasium in Athens. When his family moved to
Paris in 1918, Seferis studied law at the University of Paris and
became interested in literature. He returned to Athens in 1925
and was admitted to the Royal Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs
in the following year. This was the beginning of a long and
successful diplomatic career, during which he held posts in
England (1931-1934) and Albania (1936-1938 ). During the Second
World War, Seferis accompanied the Free Greek Government in exile
to Crete, Egypt, South Africa, and Italy, and returned to
liberated Athens in 1944. He continued to serve in the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs and held diplomatic posts in Ankara
(1948-1950) and London (1951-1953). He was appointed minister to
Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq (1953-1956), and was Royal Greek
Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1961, the last post
before his retirement in Athens. Seferis received many honours
and prizes, among them honorary doctoral degrees from the
universities of Cambridge (1960), Oxford (1964), Salonika (1964), and Princeton
His wide travels provide the backdrop and colour for much of Seferis's writing, which is filled with the themes of alienation, wandering, and death. Seferis's early poetry consists of Strophe (Turning Point), 1931, a group of rhymed Lyrics strongly influenced by the Symbolists, and E Sterna (The Cistern), 1932, conveying an image of man's most deeply felt being which lies hidden from, and ignored by, the everyday world. His mature poetry, in which one senses an awareness of the presence of the past and particularly of Greece's great past as related to her present, begins with Mythistorema (Mythistorema), 1935, a series of twenty-four short poems which translate the Odyssean myths into modern idiom. In Tetradio Gymnasmaton (Book of Exercises), 1940, Emerologio Katastromatos (Logbook I), 1940, Emerologio Katastromatos B (Logbook II), 1944, Kihle (Thrush), 1947, and Emerologio Katastromatos C (Logbook III), 1955, Seferis is preoccupied with the themes he developed in Mythistorema, using Homer's Odyssey as his symbolic source; however, in "The King of Asine" (in Logbook I), considered by many critics his finest poem, the source is a single reference in the Iliad to this all-but-forgotten king. The recent book of poetry, Tria Krypha Poiemata (Three Secret Poems), 1966, consists of twenty-eight short lyric pieces verging on the surrealistic.
In addition to poetry, Seferis has published a book of essays, Dokimes (Essays), 1962, translations of works by T.S. Eliot, and a collection of translations from American, English, and French poets entitled Antigrafes (Copies), 1965. Seferis's collected poems (1924-1955) have appeared both in a Greek edition (Athens, 1965) and in an American one with translations en face (Princeton, 1967).
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
Giorgos Seferis died on September 20, 1971.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1963
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