The Nobel Prize in Literature 1963
Born: 13 March 1900, Smyrna (now Izmir), Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)
Died: 20 September 1971, Athens, Greece
Residence at the time of the award: Greece
Prize motivation: "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.