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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2009
Herta Müller

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Herta Müller - Facts

Herta Müller

Herta Müller

Born: 17 August 1953, Nitzkydorf, Banat, Romania

Residence at the time of the award: Germany

Prize motivation: "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"

Field: prose

Language: German

Prize share: 1/1

Life

Herta Müller was born in a farming family living in Nitchidorf, outside Timisoara, Romania. Her family belonged to Romania's German-speaking minority, whose vulnerable position during the communist regime came to color her life and literary works. Herta Müller was dismissed from her position as a translator after refusing to cooperate with the Securitate secret police, becoming a teacher and author instead. Her debut work, 'Nadirs', was published in Romania as a censored version in 1982, while uncensored copies were distributed abroad. Herta Müller went into exile in Germany in 1987.

Work

Herta Müller's literary works address an individual's vulnerability under oppression and persecution. Her works are rooted in her experiences as one of Romania's German-speaking ethnic minority. Herta Müller describes life under Ceaușescu's regime - how dictatorship breeds a fear and alienation that stays in an individual's mind. Innovatively and with linguistic precision, she evokes images from the past. Herta Müller's literary works are largely prosaic, although she also writes poetry.

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