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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901
Emil von Behring

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Emil von Behring - Facts

Emil Adolf von Behring

Emil Adolf von Behring

Born: 15 March 1854, Hansdorf (now Jankowa Żagańska), Prussia (now Poland)

Died: 31 March 1917, Marburg, Germany

Affiliation at the time of the award: Marburg University, Marburg, Germany

Prize motivation: "for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of medical science and thereby placed in the hands of the physician a victorious weapon against illness and deaths"

Field: bacteriology, immunity

Prize share: 1/1

Work

Many diseases are caused by microorganisms, but the body can use its immune system to defend itself against attacks and become immune to new attacks. As part of its defenses, the immune system forms antibodies that neutralize poisons, or toxins, that are formed by bacteria. Emil von Behring and other researchers showed that by means of blood plasma, or serum, antibodies could be transferred from one person or animal to another person, who also then became immune. In 1900 Emil von Behring introduced serum from immune horses as a method to cure and prevent diphtheria.

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MLA style: "Emil von Behring - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 28 Sep 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1901/behring-facts.html>

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