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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1922
Archibald V. Hill, Otto Meyerhof

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Archibald V. Hill - Facts

Archibald Vivian Hill

Archibald Vivian Hill

Born: 26 September 1886, Bristol, United Kingdom

Died: 3 June 1977, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: London University, London, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle"

Field: metabolism, muscle physiology

Archibald V. Hill received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1923.

Prize share: 1/2

Work

In order to work, our muscles need energy, which is released by chemical processes. During the 1910s Archibald Hill outlined these processes by studying muscles from frogs. In opposition to the prevailing view that mechanical movement and chemical processes were parallel sequences, Hill was able to show through measurements of heat generated by the mechanical processes that these were delayed in relation to the movements. The chemical sequence consists of a work phase, which is not dependent on oxygen supply, and a recovery phase, when oxygen is required.

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