The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1922 was divided equally between Archibald Vivian Hill "for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle" and Otto Fritz Meyerhof "for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle."Archibald V. Hill and Otto Meyerhof received their Nobel Prize one year later, in 1923. During the selection process in 1922, the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine decided that none of the year's nominations met the criteria as outlined in the will of Alfred Nobel. According to the Nobel Foundation's statutes, the Nobel Prize can in such a case be reserved until the following year, and this statute was then applied. Archibald V. Hill and Otto Meyerhof therefore received their Nobel Prize for 1922 one year later, in 1923.
This year 12 new laureates have been awarded for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.