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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1939
Gerhard Domagk

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Gerhard Domagk - Facts

Gerhard Domagk

Gerhard Domagk

Born: 30 October 1895, Lagow, Germany (now Poland)

Died: 24 April 1964, Burgberg, West Germany (now Germany)

Affiliation at the time of the award: Munster University, Munster, Germany

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil"

Field: bacteriology

Gerhard Domagk was caused by the authorities of his country to decline the award but he later received the diploma and the medal.

Prize share: 1/1

Work

During the 19th century doctors discovered that many diseases are caused by infections - attacks by microorganisms. This led to the search for chemical preparations to combat bacteria and other microorganisms. The challenge was long thought to be impossible, but in 1932 Gerhard Domagk and his colleagues demonstrated in mice experiments that sulfonamides could be used to counteract bacteria that cause blood poisoning. The discovery became the basis for a number of sulfa drugs - the first type of antibiotic.

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MLA style: "Gerhard Domagk - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 27 Aug 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1939/domagk-facts.html>

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