The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1939 was awarded to Gerhard Domagk "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil."Gerhard Domagk was caused by the authorities of his country to decline the award but he later received the diploma and the medal.
This year 12 new laureates have been awarded for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.