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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1954
John F. Enders, Thomas H. Weller, Frederick C. Robbins

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Thomas H. Weller - Facts

Thomas Huckle Weller

Thomas Huckle Weller

Born: 15 June 1915, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Died: 23 August 2008, Needham, MA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Research Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA

Prize motivation: "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"

Field: virology

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Many infectious diseases are caused by viruses - very small biological particles. A virus lacks metabolism of its own and cannot multiply without infecting a living cell. For a long time the prevailing opinion was that viruses could not be cultured in a laboratory. However, in 1941 Frederick Robbins, John Enders, and Thomas Weller succeeded in culturing the virus that causes polio in human muscle and tissue in a laboratory setting. This became an important step on the road toward a vaccine against polio.

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MLA style: "Thomas H. Weller - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 27 Sep 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1954/weller-facts.html>

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