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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1980
Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell

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George D. Snell - Facts

George D. Snell

George D. Snell

Born: 19 December 1903, Bradford, MA, USA

Died: 6 June 1996, Bar Harbor, ME, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME, USA

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"

Field: genetics, immunity, transplantation immunology

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Our immune system rejects damaged or abnormal cells, allowing our bodies to function properly. During transplants, this can also happen to the foreign cells. Through studies of mice with a very similar genetic make-up, George Snell showed that these rejections are caused by molecular complexes on the surface of the cells. In 1951 he also showed that rejection is governed by a group of genes on a special place on a certain chromosome. Among other things, the results proved significant for transplants.

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