Jean Dausset

Facts

Jean Dausset

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Jean Dausset

Born: 19 October 1916, Toulouse, France

Died: 6 June 2009, Palma, Majorca, Spain

Affiliation at the time of the award: Université de Paris, Laboratoire Immuno-Hématologie, Paris, France

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions."

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Our immune system rejects damaged or abnormal cells, allowing our bodies to function properly. During transplants, this can also happen to the foreign cells. After George Snell had shown how this happens with mice, during the 1950s Jean Dausset showed that rejection of foreign cells function in a similar way for humans. The body's cells sense their surroundings through molecular complexes on the surface of the cells. These molecular complexes are governed by a certain group of genes on a certain chromosome. Among other things, this knowledge proved significant for transplants.

To cite this section
MLA style: Jean Dausset – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Mon. 12 Nov 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1980/dausset/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.