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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1982
Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane

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Bengt I. Samuelsson - Facts

Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. Samuelsson

Born: 21 May 1934, Halmstad, Sweden

Affiliation at the time of the award: Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Prize motivation: "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances"

Field: biochemistry, chemistry

Prize share: 1/3

Work

Prostaglandins are hormone-like substances that control several important processes in the body. They are also active when the body is attacked. During the 1960s and 1970s Bengt Samuelsson showed in detail how prostaglandins form from unsaturated fatty acids and how they are converted. He also mapped different types of prostaglandins, such as endoperoxides, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes. Bengt Samuelson's research has been important in the development of drugs used to treat many ailments, such as blood clots, inflammation, and allergies.

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MLA style: "Bengt I. Samuelsson - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 27 Aug 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1982/samuelsson-facts.html>

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