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Nobel Prizes and Laureates

Nobel Prizes and Laureates

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, Jack W. Szostak

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Carol W. Greider - Facts

Carol W. Greider

Carol W. Greider

Born: 15 April 1961, San Diego, CA, USA

Affiliation at the time of the award: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

Field: genetics

Prize share: 1/3

Identified Telomerase, the Enzyme that Makes Telomere DNA

An organism's genes are stored within DNA molecules, which are found in chromosomes inside its cells' nuclei. When a cell divides, it is important that its chromosomes are copied in full, and that they are not damaged. At each end of a chromosome lies a kind of "cap" or telomere, as it is known, which protects it. After Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak discovered that telomeres have a particular DNA that prevents chromosomes from being broken down, Carol Greider, together with Blackburn, also discovered telomerase in 1984, which produces the telomeres' DNA.

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MLA style: "Carol W. Greider - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 30 May 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2009/greider-facts.html>

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