Nobelprize.org
Nobel Prizes and Laureates


The Nobel Peace Prize 1987
Oscar Arias Sánchez

Share this:

Oscar Arias Sánchez - Facts

Oscar Arias Sánchez

Oscar Arias Sánchez

Born: 13 September 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica

Residence at the time of the award: Costa Rica

Prize motivation: "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"

Role: President of Costa Rica

Field: negotiation

Prize share: 1/1

Peace-Broker in Central America

Costa Rica's President Oscar Arias Sánchez was awarded the Peace Prize in 1987 for a plan designed to put an end to the cruel civil wars that were devastating Central America. In August 1987, the peace plan was approved by Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. It aimed at free elections, safeguards for human rights, and an end to foreign interference in the countries' internal affairs.

Oscar Arias studied law and economics in Costa Rica, the USA, and Great Britain, and got a doctorate in economics. He joined the social democratic party, and became a member of the government in the 1970s. When he became President in 1986, a civil war was raging in neighboring Nicaragua. Oscar Arias refused the USA permission to use Costa Rican territory in support of the Contras. He rebuked the Sandinistas for their lack of democracy and resisted US attempts to alter the contents of the peace plan that was signed in 1987.

Copyright © The Norwegian Nobel Institute
Share this:
To cite this page
MLA style: "Oscar Arias Sánchez - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 2 Sep 2014. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1987/arias-facts.html>

Recommended:

Disarm the world with the help of peace doves!

 

All you need to know about the Nobel Peace Prize!

 

Read more about the Nobel Peace Prize during the past century.