The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize to President Oscar Arias Sánchez of Costa Rica, for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year.
As the main architect of the peace plan, President Arias made an outstanding contribution to the possible return of stability and peace to a region long torn by strife and civil war. He thereby carried on the constructive work begun by the Contadora group.
The Committee attaches importance to the fact that the accord is the result of responsible cooperation between the five signatory states. As such, it lays solid foundations for the further development of democracy and for open cooperation between peoples and states.
A prerequisite for lasting peace is the realization of democratic ideals, with freedom and equality for all. In the opinion of the Committee, Oscar Arias is a strong spokesman for those ideals. The importance of his work for peace will extend beyond Central America.
Oslo, October 13, 1987
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.