The Nobel Prize in Physics 1953
Frits (Frederik) Zernike
Born: 16 July 1888, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Died: 10 March 1966, Groningen, the Netherlands
Affiliation at the time of the award: Groningen University, Groningen, the Netherlands
Prize motivation: "for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope"
Field: Optical physics