The Nobel Prize in Physics 1953 was awarded to Frits Zernike "for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope."
This year 12 new laureates have been awarded for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.