Born: 8 January 1891, Oranienburg, Germany
Died: 8 February 1957, Heidelberg, West Germany (now Germany)
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany, Max-Planck-Institut für medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Prize motivation: "for the coincidence method and his discoveries made therewith"
Prize share: 1/2