The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
William B. Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain
Walter Houser Brattain
Born: 10 February 1902, Amoy, China
Died: 13 October 1987, Seattle, WA, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Prize motivation: "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"
Field: instrumentation, semiconductor technology